What is Technical Debt in Software and How do you Manage it?

What is Technical Debt in Software and How do you Manage it? Image

What is Technical Debt?

Technical debt is a term used in software development to describe the cost of maintaining and supporting a codebase that has been developed over time. Technical debt arises when developers choose to implement quick fixes or short-term solutions rather than taking the time to develop a more sustainable, scalable solution. That or the developers are not very skilled and do not look forward in their design and building and this leads to long-term maintenance problems.

The problem with technical debt is that it accumulates over time, and the longer it is left unaddressed, the more costly it becomes to fix. Technical debt can manifest itself in many ways, including increased maintenance costs, slower development times, and decreased product quality.

How Does Technical Debt Affect Businesses?

Technical debt can have a significant impact on businesses, particularly those that rely heavily on software to operate. When technical debt is left unaddressed, it can lead to a decrease in productivity and efficiency, as well as increased costs.

For example, technical debt can lead to longer development cycles, which can result in delayed product releases. This delay can result in lost revenue, as businesses are unable to capitalize on new opportunities or meet customer demands.

Additionally, technical debt can lead to increased maintenance costs as developers are forced to spend more time fixing bugs and addressing issues. This can result in decreased profits and lower returns on investment.

How Can Businesses Address Technical Debt?

Businesses can address technical debt in several ways. One of the most effective ways to address technical debt is to establish a culture of continuous improvement. This culture should prioritize the development of sustainable, scalable solutions, even if they take longer (and are costlier) to implement in the first place. Noting even if the initial cost of higher the total cost of ownership over a long period of time will be lower, and in some cases much lower.

Another way to address technical debt is to implement regular code reviews and refactoring. This can help identify technical debt early and ensure that it is addressed before it becomes too costly to fix.

Additionally, businesses can invest in tools and technologies that can help manage technical debt. For example, automated testing and continuous integration can help catch issues early and ensure that code is continuously tested and integrated.


In conclusion, technical debt is a problem that affects many businesses today. It can lead to increased costs, decreased productivity, and lower returns on investment. However, by establishing a culture of continuous improvement, implementing regular code reviews and refactoring, and investing in tools and technologies, businesses can effectively manage and mitigate technical debt.

Chad Jones Photo
Chad Jones Photo
About the Author

Chad Jones

Chad is the Founder and CEO at Push and was a former Apple Engineer before returning to Saskatchewan to revolutionize the mobile development world. Chad is passionate about creating efficient, well-designed software.